This is a biologically based developmental condition that can take any of several forms among which include:
Although estimates vary, it is considered that approximately 1 in 110 children born today may have one of the above pervasive developmental disorders that are considered to be part of a group of diagnoses called Autism Spectrum Disorder.
The following are some of the signs and symptoms or behaviors that may be present with an individual with an autism spectrum disorder.
Treatment strategies are available to lessen the impact of difficulties associated with an autism spectrum disorder and enable the individual to reach their full potential. These strategies can include (depending on the individual’s age, developmental levels and specific areas of need):
Prior to the development of a customized plan of intervention, evaluation and assignment of appropriate diagnosis (if applicable) is essential.
Within an evaluation core areas of an autism spectrum disorder will be evaluated which include Theory of Mind skills (being able to understand things from another person’s perspective), central coherence (being able to understand the “big picture”), and executive functioning skills (organization and planning abilities, time management and prioritizing, working memory, and understanding of complex or abstract concepts).
In addition, cognitive functioning, academic skills, attentional ability, neuropsychological and emotional functioning will also be evaluated in order to consider appropriate strategies for intervention.